More than one quarter of the population of Cyprus (one-third of the Greek Cypriot population) was expelled from the occupied northern part of the island where Greek Cypriots constituted 80% of the population.
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The island and its population was later leased to Britain by the Cyprus Convention, an agreement reached during the Congress of Berlin in 1878 between the United Kingdom and the Ottoman Empire.
Britain formally annexed Cyprus (together with Egypt and Sudan) on 5 November 1914 as a reaction to the Ottoman Empire's decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers; subsequently the island became a British Crown colony, known as British Cyprus.
Article 20 of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 marked the end of the Turkish claim to the island.
For the 1570 Ottoman conquest, see Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573).
For the planned Nazi invasion of France with the same operation name, see Operation Attila (World War II).
was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus.
It was launched on 20 July 1974, following the Cypriot coup d'état on 15 July 1974.
The coup had been ordered by the military Junta in Greece and staged by the Cypriot National Guard In July 1974, Turkish forces invaded and captured 3% of the island before a ceasefire was declared.
The Greek military junta collapsed and was replaced by a democratic government.