They require little more than natural cover, browse, graze and nutritional supplements along with adequate water supply.
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Supplemental feeding is also necessary during hot weather when pastures are growing slowly and during late summer in preparation for the rut.
Whitetail deer are hardy animals, but are vulnerable to diseases that afflict other cervids.
They are also susceptible to Epizootic hemorrhagic disease, bluetongue and anaplasmosis.
While whitetail deer farming as a commercial venture has a relatively short history, records of whitetail deer farming have been found in the United States dating back to the turn of the century.
At that time, whitetail deer populations were dangerously low due to mass habitat devastation and widespread hunting.
In an effort to replenish the whitetail population, wildlife managers and interested farmers and ranchers began to restore whitetail deer habitats and implement population management programs.
Today, whitetail deer management has grown considerably, with deer operations focused on producing quality animals.
The whitetail deer’s long white tail, raised erect when alarmed, is its most distinctive feature.
Its metatarsal gland below the hock on the outside of the hind leg is one inch long, which is somewhat shorter than its cousins the mule deer and the blacktail deer. As adults, their color varies form a summer reddish-brown to a winter gray.