Job Charnock was widely known as the founder of Calcutta (Sutanuti, Govindapur & Calcutta) but in recent years a number of Indian historians have disputed this claim, arguing that Calcutta occupies the site of an older Indian city, centered around the ancient Kali temple at Kalighat.
It has been proved that Kolkata had an highly civilized society for centuries before the Europeans first came here.
Whatever its origins, Calcutta flowered as the capital of British India during the nineteenth century, the heyday of the Raj.
Calcutta University, the first modern Indian university was founded here in 1857.
Kolkata (Bengali:কলকাতা)  (formerly Calcutta) is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India (after Mumbai).
If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London.
It is an 'in your face' city that shocks and charms the unsuspecting visitor.Abject poverty mixes inexplicably with crumbling British Raj-era gems, sprawling gardens and historical colleges.Long known as the cultural capital of India, Kolkata continues to spawn generations of poets, writers, film producers and Nobel Prize winners.If your trip only allows for a visit of one or two of India's metropolitan cities, than definitely consider placing Kolkata on your itinerary.Love it or hate it, you definitely won't forget the city on the Hooghly.Kolkata's history is intimately related to the British East India Company, which first arrived in 1690, and to British India, of which Calcutta became the capital of in 1772.